如何更改iTunes备份位置

Aidan Fitzpatrick

By Aidan Fitzpatrick

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默认的iTunes备份位置设置为PC或Mac的主磁盘。许多用户从许多iOS设备进行大量备份或备份,因此他们发现自己的磁盘空间不足。

可以配置计算机,使iTunes备份到辅助硬盘,或备份到外部HDD或NAS。

简而言之,这是通过将iTunes备份文件夹替换为指向所需位置的符号链接来完成的。这是一个容易逆转的更改,因此可以将默认备份位置还原到其原始目录。

请注意,如果iTunes备份位置更改为始终不可用的卷,则当新位置不可用时,iTunes备份过程将失败。

你需要什么

要更改计算机的默认iTunes备份位置,必须满足以下条件:

  • 适用于PC或Mac的中等能力
  • 10分钟
  • 了解所需的新备份位置路径
  • 运行macOS 10.7或更高版本的Mac,或运行Windows Vista或更高版本的PC
  • Reincubate支持团队随时为您提供帮助,并可就如何执行此操作向客户提供建议。

自动更改iTunes iOS备份文件夹

免费版iPhone Backup Extractor将自动显示您计算机的默认iTunes备份位置 - 并允许您更改它。

  1. 下载并安装iPhone备份提取器
  2. 从主菜单中选择Preferences
  3. 从“ Preferences窗口中选择“ Backups Preferences
    The "Preferences" pane showing backup locations
    “首选项”窗格显示备份位置
  4. 单击“ Change按钮开始更改iTunes默认备份文件夹的过程。

在Windows上手动更改iTunes iOS备份文件夹

  1. 使用Windows运行命令在资源管理器中打开默认备份位置。按⊞ Win + R ,将出现“运行”窗口。输入%APPDATA%\Apple Computer\MobileSync ,然后按⏎ Enter
  2. 打开的资源管理器窗口将显示名为“备份”的文件夹。这包含计算机上已存在的所有iTunes备份。要更改备份文件夹的位置,必须重命名,移动或删除此文件夹。例如,可以将其重命名为“Backup(Old)”。
  3. 重命名,移动或删除“备份”文件夹后,可以创建符号链接到所需的备份位置。为此,必须打开命令窗口。通过按住⇧ Shift并在最近打开的MobileSync Explorer窗口中单击⇧ Shift右键,用户将看到一个菜单,其中包含“在此处打开命令窗口”或“在此处打开PowerShell窗口”选项。点击它。
  4. 使用以下命令mklink /J Backup "[desired-new-backup-path]" 。输入此命令后,按⏎ Enter ,更改将完成。
  5. 重新启动Windows后,iTunes会将其备份存储在新位置。

手动更改macOS上的iTunes iOS备份文件夹

  1. 启动macOS终端应用程序。这可以使用Finder在Applications / Utilities / Terminal下找到。或者,可以通过按⌘ Cmd +使用Spotlight启动它并在按⏎ Enter前键入“Terminal”。
  2. 通过输入cd ~/Library/Application\ Support/MobileSync然后按⏎ Enter ,指示终端更改为默认的iTunes备份位置。
  3. 通过输入open .显示Finder中的当前备份文件夹open .然后按⏎ Enter
  4. 打开的Finder窗口将显示名为“Backup”的文件夹。这包含计算机上已存在的所有iTunes备份。要更改备份文件夹的位置,必须重命名,移动或删除此文件夹。例如,可以将其重命名为“Backup(Old)”。
  5. 重命名,移动或删除“备份”文件夹后,可以创建符号链接到所需的备份位置。使用以下命令ln -s [desired-new-backup-path] ~/Library/Application\ Support/MobileSync/Backup 。输入此命令后,按⏎ Enter ,更改将完成。
  6. 重新启动Mac后,iTunes会将其备份存储在新位置。

如何将iTunes备份文件夹还原到其原始位置

如果你已经采取了上述步骤,并且想要改变,那么这个过程很简单:

  1. 浏览到iTunes备份文件夹
  2. 删除将出现在那里的Backup符号链接。
  3. 将原始Backup文件夹重新拖回,必要时重命名以匹配其原始名称。

其他挑战?

我们已经让一些用户联系到已经将他们的iTunes备份文件夹移动到另一个位置 - 只需拖动它 - 现在缺少必要的符号链接以便iTunes能够看到备份。

这很容易解决,有两种选择:

  1. 将文件夹拖回到最初找到的位置。如果您忘记了,它应该被称为Backup ,它存在于~/Library/Application Support/MobileSync

  2. 创建指向它的符号链接 - 与上面描述的方式相同。如果你在这个阶段,你应该打开一个终端并执行以下操作:

cd [location of the folder which now has "Backup" in it]
ln -s Backup ~/Library/Application\ Support/MobileSync

它应该就这么简单。

有可能无法做到这种情况吗?

这种技术适用于每台Mac,但它不适用于2000年之前构建的Windows PC。在Windows 2000发布之前,Windows 默认使用FAT格式的文件系统 ,而且这些文件系统无法创建符号链接。从那时起,任何Windows PC构建几乎肯定会使用NTFS格式的磁盘,这些支持符号链接就好了。如果您正在运行FAT并尝试创建链接,则可能会看到此错误: Local volumes are required to complete the operation.

幸运的是,Microsoft提供了有关如何将磁盘从FAT升级到NTFS的一些说明。它有点技术性,但它是可能的。

About the author

Aidan Fitzpatrick founded Reincubate in 2008 after building the world's first iPhone data recovery tool, iPhone Backup Extractor. He's spoken at Google on entrepreneurship, and is a graduate of the Entrepreneurs' Organisation's Leadership Academy.

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Pictured above are members of Reincubate’s team meeting HM Queen Elizabeth Ⅱ at Buckingham Palace, after being awarded the UK’s highest business award for our work with Apple technology. Read our position on privacy, safety and security.


Comments (6)

Hi thanks for this. I get an error saying:

Local volumes are required to complete the operation.

How can I fix this please? Thanks

Hi Kalveer, this message suggests your filesystem is FAT-based. I've updated the article to include a mention of why it's not possible to create links on FAT. I've also included a link to instructions on upgrading to NTFS. Good luck!

Awesome instructions, thank you! I think there is a typo on step 5 for Mac. The command line is written as -s [desired-new-backup-path] ~/Library/Application\ Support/MobileSync/Backup but the folder "Support/MobileSync/Backup" doesn't exist since we moved/deleted it. I had to change it to "Support/MobileSync" and then the folder I linked to was called "Backup".

Howdy Greg! Having "Backup" in the path should be correct, as it'll ensure the link that gets created is called "Backup". Makes sense?

We've got something up our sleeves to make this a little easier in future. Keep an eye on the release notes. 😏

hi ! i did all the steps but i kinda don't get where is the new backup location now ?

Hi Salma -- the new location will be the folder you created the link to!

Firstly Aidan - thank you very much for this.

My main drive is a (relatively) small SSD and I would like to be able to save my iTunes backups to the NAS setup instead. You have provided a fantastic workaround!

One thing I wasn't sure about was at step 3 (Windows) - when you right-click (to choose "Open PowerShell window here"), is that in the Explorer window of the now renamed Backup folder? Eg, in the now-named "BackupOld" folder window?

Hi Clint, thanks for your kind words. I've updated the article to make it crystal clear: the window you right-click in is the one you opened at %APPDATA%\Apple Computer\MobileSync.

And how do you reverse it on Windows PC ? Thx

Hugues, thanks for your comment. I've updated the article to explain that!

Aidan, I don't understand your instructions in How to change the iTunes backup location. What do you mean by prefix your command in PowerShell with cmd /c, like mklink /J Backup "[desired-new-backup-path]".

Hey Fred, thanks for asking. Just like this:

cmd /c mklink /J Backup "[desired-new-backup-path]"

I'll tweak the explanatory text to make it clearer.

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